At work and at home, it’s easy to believe that others need to respond to your needs. But the most successful leaders – those who have built strong brands for themselves – know that reality is just the opposite.
In the 1970s, Robert Greenleaf of the Greenleaf Center for Servant Leadership started the Servant leadership movement. Greenleaf founded this concept on the belief that an organization functioned better if leaders were servants first and leaders second, rather than the other way around. He encouraged servant-first leaders to focus on helping their teams grow in their jobs and fulfil their professional goals. Specifically, Greenleaf believed that when people are able to advance and learn at work, they’re happier and more productive and naturally more loyal to their organizations.
One of the most important aspects of being this type of servant leader is the ability to quickly adapt your leadership style to individual circumstances. That’s how you build a clear brand for yourself – with a combination of strong self-leadership and excellent leadership of others.
Four Common Leadership Styles
What are the various styles of leadership? Although many exist, the following outlines the four most common styles I see as a coach when I shadow executives in the workplace. Each of these four styles has both positive and negative aspects. As you read them, ask yourself these questions:
• Which style do I use most of the time?
• Have I used all four at some point?
• If not, what opportunities do I have for expanding my leadership style manually so I can move with agility from one style to another?
1. Democratic/Participative Leadership. In this style, a leader asks for inputs from others before making decisions. This style works effectively:
• When working with a group of team members who have good on-the-job experience and who can provide valuable input.
• With a team that needs to be heavily involved in the early planning stages of a project.
• When you find yourself promoted and suddenly working with former peers who have now become your direct reports.
2. Bureaucratic Leadership. This style involves using procedures and laying out a step-by-step written plan. This style works effectively:
• When precision is important or a project is particularly complex.
• When working in a highly regulated environment (like banking or insurance) which requires rigorous compliance.
• When working on a project that’s extremely technical in nature.
3. Charismatic Leadership. This style leverages personal charisma to keep employees motivated and moving forward. This style works most effectively:
• If your team or company has experienced a setback, such as the loss of a key client or recent layoffs, and you need to boost employee or team morale.
• When you have a big project to finish that requires creativity, and it must be done exceptionally well and/or quickly.
• When your team faces a major change, and you believe buy-in may be difficult.
4. Autocratic Leadership. This style tells people what to do without input from them. This style works most effectively:
• When urgent decisions need to be made, as in a crisis.
• When working with junior team members who may need more direction.
• When working in high stress or confusing situations where team members are looking for clarity and strong direction.
What Are Your Style Preferences?
Think about how you operate daily as a leader of others. Then, look at each leadership style, and estimate the percentage of time you spend using each. Write down the estimated percentage for each style so that they all add up to 100 percent.
Now, review your answers, and ask yourself these questions:
• What is your #1 and #2 most frequently used leadership styles?
• Are you relying too much on one or two styles?
• What percentage of each style do you think is optimal for your current position and given your current team?
With answers to these questions in mind, write down your goal percentages for each style, e.g., the percentage of each style you would like to have or that you feel is most appropriate for someone at your level and in your position. Which style needs to change the most, based on your analysis?
Once you identify the style you want to incorporate most into your menu of leadership behaviors, begin to look for situations where you can try that style. Challenge and stretch yourself, and you may be surprised to discover the difference it will make in your ability to lead in today’s increasingly diverse workplace. That’s where both strong self-leadership and leadership of overs overlap.